Josef Koudelka began his career as an aeronautical engineer, turning full-time to photography in the late 1960s. In 1968, Koudelka photographed the Soviet invasion of Prague, publishing his photographs under the initials P. P. (Prague photographer). In 1969, he was anonymously awarded the Overseas Press Club’s Robert Capa Gold Medal for the photographs. Koudelka left Czechoslovakia for political asylum in 1970 and shortly thereafter joined Magnum Photos. In 1975, the first edition of Gypsies was published, the first of more than a dozen books by the photographer, including Exiles, Chaos, and Invasion 68: Prague.
Will Guy is a research fellow in sociology at the University of Bristol, UK. He contributed the text for the original edition of Gypsies in 1975, while completing his PhD on Czechoslovak Communist policy on Roma. He has published widely on this topic and is editor of two books, Between Past and Future: The Roma of Central and Eastern Europe and Roma Migration in Europe: Case Studies.